Blood pressure measurement is the usual procedure. The doctor performs it almost every time during the patient’s visit. But do you know what the numbers that the doctor says mean? By the way, these readings are very important for your health. These are indicators of systolic and diastolic pressure.
More Detailed About Systolic Pressure
Blood flows through the vessels and veins to the body’s organs due to the heart’s pushes. These pushes can be of different strengths. Accordingly, they can exert different pressure on the walls of blood vessels. This indicator is called systolic pressure.
Upper-pressure readings of up to 120 are normal. If after measuring the pressure, this number is higher, it means that you have increased systolic pressure.
It should be noted that increasing this indicator to the critical level (180) is an extremely dangerous condition for a person and requires immediate medical attention.
Diastolic Pressure Readings
There are short breaks between the heart’s pushes, which ensure the movement of blood through the veins and arteries. It is filled with blood and oxygen. The pressure in the vines at this time is called diastolic.
If after measuring the pressure, the doctor says that your diastolic pressure is below 80, there is no reason to worry. This is a normal indicator. However, if your upper pressure rises above the normal level (120), the pressure is considered to be increased.
If the indicators of lower pressure rise above the level of 80, this may indicate the development of hypertension. The reading of 120 is critical and requires urgent medical intervention.
Principles for Measuring Blood Pressure
A special device is used to measure blood pressure. You must have seen it during your visit to the doctor. This process is quick and painless.
The cuff portion of the device should be wrapped around the patient’s shoulder to obtain the most accurate upper and lower blood pressure readings.
A stethoscope is used to listen for the movement of blood through arteries.
The cuff part of the device wrapped around the patient’s shoulder inflates and creates pressure above the upper one. After that, the air begins to slowly leave the cuff part, while the doctor hears blows through the stethoscope. The first of them indicates the upper pressure. When the doctor stops hearing the beats, he records the lower blood pressure readings.
The doctor records the pressure readings using 2 numbers after measuring it. The number written at the top indicates systolic pressure. The lower part of the reading indicates diastolic pressure.
Frequency of Checking Blood Pressure Indicators
Normal-pressure readings are not a cause for alarm and require annual rechecking. However, the pressure can be measured additionally during the year in case of a deterioration of health.
Increased upper blood pressure may signal the first signs of hypertension. In this case, the patient is shown changes in diet and physical activity. The pressure is rechecked by a doctor at least six months later.
If the patient’s upper and lower blood pressure indicators are high, in addition to changing the usual way of life, medications can be prescribed to reduce it and avoid hypertension. The pressure is measured at least every 3 months in this case.
Patients suffering from stage 2 hypertension take medications regularly and lead a healthy lifestyle. They visit a doctor monthly to measure their blood pressure.
Tips for Self-Tracking Blood Pressure
Sometimes people are so busy they find it difficult to visit a doctor to check blood pressure. Making visits to him if you feel good but just want to check your blood pressure is also impractical. That is why it is important to learn how to check the pressure yourself at home.
Some people experience excitement when visiting a doctor. This directly affects the pressure. It makes it impossible to get real blood pressure readings at rest. It is also recommended to measure the pressure at home in this case.
It’s not difficult to measure your blood pressure yourself at home. All you need to do is buy a high-quality and suitable device for measuring pressure. Contact your doctor for more detailed recommendations about this.
Make sure that you understand all the doctor’s recommendations correctly and can accurately measure your blood pressure at home. If you have any questions, please contact your doctor to avoid mistakes.
Remember that that blood pressure should be measured at rest. Do not drink coffee or smoke before taking blood pressure. Be sure to compare the readings that you received when measuring the pressure at home with the readings that your doctor received.
You should keep a strict record of all your blood pressure indications to observe the dynamics and determine whether the therapy prescribed by your doctor is effective. Inform the doctor about the results obtained during the home pressure measurement. Keep in mind that ignoring pressure readings that deviate from normal ones can lead to unpleasant consequences for your health and life.